The pyramid texts of Unas, one of the oldest known religious texts in the world. Unas was the last ruler of Egypt’s 5th Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. The first photo is of the sarcophagus room within the pyramid of Unas; the second photos shows the pyramid’s exterior.
The following is a (slightly gruesome) translated section of these famous texts. ‘Utterances 273-274’ of the antechamber, east wall. This section has also been referred to as the ‘Cannibal Hymn’.
The king feeds on the gods:
Sky rains, stars darken,
The vaults quiver, earth’s bones tremble,
The planets stand still
At seeing Unas rise as power,
A god who feeds on his fathers,
Who feeds on his mothers!
[…] Unas is he who eats men, feeds on gods,
Master of messengers who send instructions:
It is Horn-grasper in Kehau who lassoes them for Unas,
It is Serpent Raised-head who guards, who holds them for him,
It is He-upon-the-willows who binds them for him.
It is Khons, slayer of lords, who cuts their throats for Unas,
Who tears their entrails out for him,
He the envoy who is sent to punish.
Is it Shesmu who carves them up for Unas,
Cooks meals of them for him in his dinner-pots.
Translation by Miriam Lichtheim (Ancient Egyptian Literature Vol I: The Old and Middle Kingdoms, pages 36-37). Photos taken by Vincent Brown & The Institute for the Study of the Ancient World.